However, anyone who wishes to plant a silver maple should be aware that these specimens are prone to some problems like diseases and fungi. Infected leaves develop small, irregularly shaped brown spots in the beginning of the growing season. Anthracnose usually infects younger growth and can be more prevalent on the lower leaves. Acer spp. Prune infected trees, removing dead branches. Anthracnose is a common spring disease on maple trees common in the landscape including red (Acer rubrum), silver (Acer saccharinum), sugar (Acer saccharum) and Japanese (Acer palmatum) maples. Young bark is smooth and gray and develops long wide strips that turn upward at the ends as tree age. 3 (1 = rare 5 = annual) Severity. The tar spot seen on maples is caused by three related fungi, Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum and R. punctatum. (Fig. Cool wet weather promotes its development, and the optimum temperature for continued growth of the spores is between 75-85˚F. Rather congested, but vibrant and vigorous despite jet black on leaves throughout crown. One of the most common problems of broadleaf shade trees is a group of diseases collectively known as anthracnose. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. May be weedy, spreading many seedlings in lawns and gardens. Spotting will continue to darken to a black color and may take over entire leaf or branch surfaces. Prune in summer. The youngest leaves on silver maple trees suffering from this deficiency will be light green or yellow in the margins between veins, while veins stay dark green. Although this fungus is rarely ever fatal, sometimes infected silver maple trees can be so overcome by the fungus it that it affects the aesthetic value of the tree. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Symptoms: Symptoms vary with the species of maple affected. Severity: 2 out of 5: Frequency: 3 out of 5: Symptoms: Spots or irregular necrotic areas appear on the leaves and twigs (sycamore, oak, dogwood) of infected trees in late spring and early summer. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. I’m thinking that to say “Anthracnose” may be accurate and specific enough. As the disease and the season progresses, the spots grow and may eventually cover the entire leaf. Silver maple trees suffering from anthracnose will feature spotted or curled and distorted leaves in late spring and early summer. Indefinite light brown spots appear early; they may enlarge and run together causing blotch or death of infected leaves (Figure 3). "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.". Partially Tar spot is caused by a fungus that creates dark, unsightly spots on the leaves of the tree. Use enter to activate. Anthracnose is not a significant threat to the health of the tree … This species has become over planted. Verticillium Wilt. Wet, cool springs will encourage spore growth. Rake leaves when they fall to the ground. Trees and shrubs that are prone to anthracnose include maple, camellia, walnut, ash, azalea, oak and sycamore. One large, mature tree already died because of compromise to disease, and another 3 … Silver maple trees suffering from verticillium wilt will display wilting leaves and dying branches. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. Asked August 13, 2016, 1:15 AM EDT. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. silver maple, swamp maple, water maple, silverleaf maple, white maple, soft maple. Our future. These fungi affect the leaves and branches of the tree. Northern VA. Big multi-stem silver maple. Luckily, this disease is generally a cosmetic problem, rather than a real health issue for trees. In Minnesota, anthracnose is most common in cool, wet spring weather. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! This disease is caused by several different fungi and is common in years with cool wet springs. Disease, pests, and problems. Anthracnose is especially known for the damage that it can cause to trees. Simple, opposite leaves are medium green about 3 to 6 inches long;  5 lobed, with silvery underside. Building the urban forest for 2050. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Anthracnose, a group of fungal diseases that affect a variety of plants in warm, humid areas. )—Anthracnose, caused by the fungi Apiognomonia errabunda or Discula quercina, is a common disease of oaks. Native throughout most of the eastern United States. Plants Affected. Anthracnose (fungus – Gloeosporium apocryptum): In rainy seasons this disease may be serious on silver maples and Japanese maples. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. Silver Maple tar spots or anthracnose . What Causes Leaf Drop on Yoshino Cherry Trees? In addition to her work as a writer, she is an accomplished painter and experienced art teacher. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Has a vigorous root system that can invade sewer pipes. LEAF SPOTS and TAR SPOT: Causal Agents: Several genera of fungi: leaf spots (e.g., Phyllosticta, … The trees and shrubs most commonly affected are ash, dogwood, maple, oak, and sycamore. Sapwood on trees infected with verticillium wilt will be stained dark green. Spots usually show up in the early summer, first as yellow spots, then turning a dark, deep brown or black. Acidifying the soil can take over a year, so this needs to be done well before the tree is planted. Anthracnose control begins with practicing good sanitation. Green in summer; yellow-green in fall. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. How to Care for a Shidare Yoshino Weeping Cherry, University of Illinois Extension: Silver Maple, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Acer Saccharinum, Diseases Affecting Weeping Mulberry Trees. Have tree and plant questions? Anthracnose is a general term for a variety of diseases that affect plants in similar ways. Silver maple trees are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. what do you think? How Do You Treat Anthracnose? Narrow, purple to brown streaks develop along the veins of leaves of Maple anthracnose is not the same disease as oak anthracnose, although the symptoms of these diseases may be quite similar. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Each year, Michigan State University Extension receives questions from the public regarding spots on the leaves of their favorite maple trees. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Silver Queen - seedless, better structure; Skinneri - cutleaf form, yellow fall color, best horizontal branching, semi-weeping form; Beebe Cutleaf Weeping - pendulous branches, deeply incised leaves )— Anthracnose, caused by the fungus Gloeosporium apocryptum, can be serious on sugar and silver maples and boxelder, during rainy seasons. A fungal infection of the soil that penetrates a tree’s roots, verticillium wilt takes … Potted plants and greenhouse crops such as cyclamen, ficus, lupine, palms, succulents and yuccas are sometimes affected.. Stop by, email, or call. Both anthracnose and maple leaf blister can be the cause of late spring and early summer damage to leaves of these popular landscape trees. Fruits and vegetables may develop dark, sunken lesions along the stems or on the fruit. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. Fruit are winged seeds in pairs (samaras), 2 inches long. Silver maple trees prefer to grow in acidic soil, with a pH of 6.5 or lower. This class of diseases includes three diseases caused by fungi. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Verticillium wilt, anthracnose, tar spot, cottony maple scale, maple bladder gall. She has a Bachelor of Arts degree in art with a minor in English. This staining is only revealed when the bark is pealed back from the branch. Most types of maple, including the silver maple, can contract Anthracnose, a disease caused by many different fungi. Anthracnose is caused by a fungus, and among vegetables, it attacks cucurbits. Verticillium wilt,  anthracnose, tar spot, cottony maple scale, maple bladder gall. Fertilize lightly with 10-10-10 fertilizer to encourage the tree to outgrow the disease. Anthracnose, Tar spot, Maple blister?.. Anthracnose may develop as a foliar blight, in which the turfgrass leaves are infected, or a basal rot, which attacks the leaf sheaths, crowns, and stolons of the plant. Anthracnose can also cause basal rot in grass, causing the roots to rot away and die off. Signs of anthracnose include brown spots forming along the leaf veins, … Shade trees such as sycamore, ash, oak, and maple are especially susceptible, though the disease is found in a number of plants, including grasses and annuals. Leaf blister and anthracnose can … Oak (Quercus spp. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Anthracnose. All native and non-native maples commonly planted as woody ornamentals are susceptible to infection, such as: sugar (A. saccharum), red (A. rubrum), Norway (A. platanoides), silver (A. saccharinum) and Japanese (A. palmatum) maples. Maple anthracnose occurs on a number of maple species, including red maple (Acer rubrum), silver maple (Acer saccharinum), and in my backyard this summer, on our native striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum). Then, prune to crown clean and thin 15% as temperatures warm. May be weedy, spreading many seedlings in lawns and gardens. Grown in alkaline soil, these trees may display signs of chlorosis from manganese deficiency. Maple. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Our trees. Drought sensitive, provide supplemental water in dry periods. Rain and wind help spread the spores. The leaf spots usually occur along the veins. Signs of infection include inconspicuous light brown acervuli located on the lower surfaces of lesions, especially along veins. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Many spots occur along … Often sick trees will display symptoms in the leaves. The cool, wet weather of spring often brings on the disease. Typically found growing in wet bottomlands. Maple (Acer spp. Weak wooded and is prone to storm damage. They tolerate a variety of growing conditions, from drought-prone areas to water logged soil. Anthracnose diseases generally infect the leaf veins and cause death of the vein and surrounding tissue. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Anthracnose in maple trees is quite common. While it’s usually not truly harmful, it can do serious cosmetic damage to your tree and hamper your curb appeal. There are not many trees that will handle poorly drained soil, but silver maple trees (Acer saccharinum) are among them. Aureobasidium apocryptum is one of several foliar pathogens causing anthracnose on maple. Anthracnose is rarely fatal to trees, but vigorously growing trees will recover from infection more quickly. Silver maple leaf with dead areas on leaf caused by anthracnose disease. Soil pH above 7.0 may be treated with sulfur. Leslie Rose has been a freelance writer publishing with Demand Studios since 2008. Has a vigorous root system that can invade sewer pipes. Maple leaves develop purple lines along the veins and brown spots in between the veins. ginnala) Anthracnose. Several different fungi can cause the symptoms we describe as anthracnose. It infects many species of maple (Acer), including: Japanese, Norwegian, mountain, red, silver, sugar, and Tatarian Maples. This fungus can be controlled and eliminated by practicing good sanitation in the fall. However, when anthracnose occurs on one tree, then weather conditions (typically cool and moist conditions) are favorable for development of the … In severe cases it may also cause sunken lesions and cankers on twigs and stems. 2 (1 = very little damage 5 = plants killed) Hosts. Anthracnose diseases are caused by fungi and become severe when cool, wet spring weather persists as leaves are first emerging. Anthracnose can survive on … Anthracnose is scientifically recognized as Colletotrichum spp. The most commonly affected trees are ash, white oak, maple, and sycamore. Maple anthracnose in May 2017 in northeast Ohio The leaves fall prematurely from the tree. What can I do to stop tar spots or anthracnose from spreading on my silver maple? This problem can be avoided by testing the soil before planting the tree in any location. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Shallow roots buckle sidewalks, weak wooded - subject to storm damage, anthracnose, leaf spot, tar spot, cottony maple scale, galls Varieties. Rainy weather favors infection and defoliation may result. Purple brown spots along the veins and dark brown spots between or along the veins of the maple leaves indicate occurrence of the disease. On some species, the necrosis follows along veins. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Anthracnose is a common disease that affects the leaves of a maple tree. Tar spot is a fungal disease that causes a great deal of concern for home gardeners due to its appearance. Our communities. Anthracnose on silver maple. Silver maple trees suffering from anthracnose will feature spotted or curled and distorted leaves in late spring and early summer. Anthracnose is a fungus that grows in dead leaves left to rot on the soil over winter. 2) The rounded shape of the spots and blistering distinguish this disease from maple anthracnose, which produces irregularly shaped brown spots or blotches that follow the veins of leaves and is caused by a different fungus. Anthracnose on silver maple. Anthracnose can reduce a beautiful harvest into rotted waste in just a few days. Anthracnose is a common fungal disease of shade trees that results in leaf spots, cupping or curling of leaves and early leaf drop. The following menu has 3 levels. Lightly fertilize an infected tree with 10-10-10 fertilizer, and water regularly during dry weather. The fungal disease overwinters in and on seeds, soil and garden debris. Twigs and branches less than 1 inch thick die back. You can prevent recurrences of this disease with diligent maintenance in the fall, by raking leaves and disposing of them appropriately. Irregular, light to reddish-brown, or purplish-brown, dead areas occur on the leaves. Gardeners with clayey, wet soil may consider planting this tree on their property. Anthracnose is a group of related fungal leaf and stem diseases that infect shade trees. The anthracnose fungus that infects one type of tree (e.g., ash) is not the same one that infects another type of tree (e.g., maple). MAPLE ANTHRACNOSE: Causal Agents: Discula sp., Kabatiella apocrypta Hosts: Acer (Japanese, Norway, sycamore, red or swamp, silver, and sugar maple). Frequency. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Irregular shaped brown spots on the leaves of maple, ash, oak and sycamore trees could mean your tree has anthracnose. Weak wooded and is prone to storm damage. Amur Maple (Acer ginnala or Acer tataricum subsp. 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