The trunk is often buttressed and can be branchless for up to 20 m. The crown is wide and flat. The wood is of medium weight, moderately hard, of good durability, being resistent to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. To accurately estimate the genetic diversity and population structure for improved conservation planning of Milicia excelsa tree, 212 individuals from twelve population samples covering the species' range in Benin were surveyed at seven specific microsatellite DNA loci. Uses. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. M. excelsa contributes to cure 45 human diseases. This beautiful White Marble Pastry Board is perfect for any baker. Seeds were sown on a nursery bed at Mesawam Research Centre of the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, Kumasi (annual rainfall, 1520 mm; altitude, 300 m; 6'30'N, 1'50'W) to produce stockplants. Dioecious - both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[325 ]. Socio-cultural surveys were carried out on the basis of a questionnaire administered on 346 respondents in order to investigate cultural and ethnobotanic uses of Milicia excelsa in Benin.M. Iroko Hardwood Flooring. The wood is somewhat greasy and is odourless[299 ]. Brux. Grafting[299 ]. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Milicia excelsa (African teak) Index. Seedlings should be grown under shade to limit attacks by Phytolyma spp[299 ]. Importance to the Environment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Hence, this study examined the acute toxicity (LD 50) and anti-diarrheal effect of methanol root bark extract of Milicia excelsa per oral in rats as well as the probable phytoconstituents responsible for this effect. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Bureau. It occurs in regions with an average annual temperature of 25 - 35°c and an average annual rainfall of 1,150 - 1,900mm[299 ]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. The leaves are galactagogue[299 ]. Introduction Inflammation is a pathophysiological response of the body to injury, infection or destruction characterized by heat, … * Important announcements and news It resembles teak and is mainly used for outdoor construction work, furniture, boats, cabinet work, panelling, frames and floors. General Information. Berg belongs to the family of Moraceae, popularly known as Iroko tree or African teak. For example, tanks and barrels for food, as well as chemical products and laboratory benches. Because of these and many other uses of Milicia excelsa people have over harvested this species to the point of concern. All plant pages have their own unique code. C.C. Milicia excelsa, etc ; Bursaphelenchus; females; morphometry; new species; phylogeny; tail; vulva; wood; Cameroon; Italy; Show all 11 Subjects Abstract: A new species of Bursaphelenchus, extracted from unprocessed logs of Milicia excelsa from Cameroon and arriving in the port of Leghorn, Tuscany, Central Italy, is described. Agroforestry Uses: The tree is used for soil improvement through its leaf mulch, and soil conservation[299 , 325 ]. The timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is much used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. [299 ]. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Milicia excelsa Taxonomy ID: 58664 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid58664) current name Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. It is a large deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in humid forests of West Africa [10]. Iroko Hardwood Flooring. If you are interested in a much more technical description of wood properties, I encourage you to visit the source . Engineered Iroko Hardwood Flooring. Milicia excelsa is widely used in African traditional medicine. A natural pioneer species within its native range, supplying a high-grade timber. Cool and smooth, marble provides an ideal surface with its natural non-stick properties. [299 ]. Milicia excelsa or African Teak is a nitrogen-fixing tree that can also be used as a shade tree. Externally, leaf preparations are used in the treatment of snakebites and fever, and as eye drops to treat filariasis. Steam-bending properties of the wood are moderate[299 ]. African Teak, Abeng, Ala, Bang, Bangi, Bangui, Diedie, Iroko, Kambala, Mucuco, Murritulula, Muule, Mvule, Ngunde, Odum, Tule, Uloko, african oak, loko, msule, mwala, orjih, roko, sanga, semo. Odee DW, Telford A, Wilson J, Gaye A, Cavers S. (2012). Milicia excelsa Welw. Scientific Name: Milicia excelsa, M. regia (syn. Seed dispersal is mostly by birds, bats and squirrels. It is a pioneer species, demanding intense light and unable to stand deep shade[299 ]. All loci were variable, with the mean number of alleles per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69. This is the common name for the genus Milicia, in which there are two recognized species, which are closely related: Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia. The bark of young trees has been used for making loincloths[299 ]. As it is resistant to acids and bases, it is used for tanks and barrels for food and chemical products and for laboratory benches. Shade or shelter: M. excelsa is an excellent shade tree. The bark is aphrodisiac, galactagogue, purgative and tonic[299 ]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is originally from Guinea Bissau before spreading to Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Rwanda, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. For a list of references used on this page please go here The leaves and the ashes also have medicinal uses. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Iroko (Milicia excelsa) is a widely used attractive and durable hardwood from the west coast of Africa. The wood is a highly valued commercial timber in Africa, for which demand is large. African teak succeeds on a large variety of soils so long as they are fertile, it is especially sensitive to low levels of potassium and phosphorus[299 ]. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is also known as Odum tree, Mvule or African teak, rock elm, teca Africana, African oak, Iroko, teck d’Afrique, moreira or teck kambala. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Exploitation is often unsustainable - in the 1980's, for example, the extraction rate of Milicia regia and Milicia excelsa in Ghana was estimated to be about 173,000 m³ per year, whereas the regeneration rate was estimated to be only about 29,000 m³ per year. Other uses include joinery, flooring, furniture, veneer, and cabinetwork. If available other names are mentioned here. The bark is used for dyeing leather and cloth[299 ]. Hence, this study examined the acute toxicity (LD 50 ) and anti-diarrheal effect of methanol root bark extract of Milicia excelsa per oral in rats as well as the probable phytoconstituents responsible for this effect. Photosensitivity = Yes (Turns Brown) Iroko Hardwood Flooring. The different parts of the tree used are leaves (30.3%), bark (25.8%), root (23.6%), latex (10.1%), flaking bark (6.7%), wood, calcium concentrated in old trees, and gum (1.1% each). The wood of Milicia excelsa and the closely related Milicia regia (A.Chev.) Hence, this study investigated the oral acute toxicity and sedative potential of ethanol stem bark extract, n-hexane, ethylacetate, n-butanol and aqueous fractions of the stem bark extract in mice. Suitable for biscuits, pies, tarts, pizzas, pastries and many more. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. African Teak is threatened by habitat loss. Conclusions: Based on the obtained results of this research it may be concluded that Milicia excelsa has the prospect of being used in agroforestry in multi-tree species systems. Ajna Fern web interface by Environmental. No need to add an abundance of flour down before rolling or kneading. [Information courtesy of Timbmet Ltd] Distribution. Angola; Benin; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic, Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Nigeria; Rwanda; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sierra Leone; South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zimbabwe, Africa, Asia, Burkina Faso, Central Africa, East Africa, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe, Sierra Leone, Southern Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, West Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Maclura excelsa (Welw.) Milicia excelsa grows across the entire width of tropical Africa from the Ivory Coast southward to Angola and eastward to East Africa. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac[299 ]. It takes 5 - 6 weeks from fertilization to fruit maturation. The first test tube was shaken Media in category "Milicia excelsa" The following 38 files are in this category, out of 38 total. Solid Iroko Hardwood Flooring. Milicia excelsa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. This is the common name for the genus Milicia, in which there are two recognized species, which are closely related: Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia. Berg [family MORACEAE], in Bull. Benth. Solid Iroko Hardwood Flooring. Iroko wood derives from large, hardwood trees from the west coast of tropical Africa and is known by its species name as Milicia excelsa. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. and Hook f., and Milicia regia A. Chev. Deciduous, semi-deciduous or evergreen, primary or secondary forest, with an apparent preference for drier forest types, at elevations up to 1,200 metres. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. The gravity is about 0.55 g/cm3. Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. Other Uses The mature leaves have been used as sandpaper[299 ]. Bark preparations are externally applied to treat scabies, wounds, loss of hair, fever, venereal diseases and sprains[299 ]. C.C. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau east to Ethiopia and south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. It finishes well, but filler is needed. Externally, it is applied on burns, wounds, sores and against eczema and other skin problems[299 ]. It is large and deciduous, growing up to 50 m high and 350 cm in trunk diameter. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. var s = '' QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. It is used to treat a wide range of conditions including cough, asthma, heart trouble, lumbago, spleen pain, stomach pain, abdominal pain, oedema, ascites, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, general fatigue, rheumatism, sprains[299 ]. They are also applied as an enema to cure piles, diarrhoea and dysentery[299 ]. Successful propagation has been achieved using stem cuttings from 1- and 2-year-old trees, but from mature trees cuttings should be taken from coppice shoots[299 ]. African teak is a large, deciduous tree with a wide, flat crown; it can grow up to 50 metres tall [ 299. This has made it suitable for multiple uses. Milicia regia is one of two trees known as "odum" in Ghana, the other being the closely related Milicia excelsa. The fruit juice is used for flavouring[299 ]. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. The IUCN has this species on the Red List under ‘Near Threatened’ (BIZOUX, J.-P., 2009). Root cuttings[299 ]. Often occurs in gallery forest and in forest islands or as lone trees in savannah regions[299 ]. Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft 3 (660 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.55, .66. For more information about QR Codes click here. Jard. Research has shown that chlorophorin, a phenolic compound found in the plant, has inhibitory effects on melanin biosynthesis. Other plant parts probably have similar medicinal uses as those of Milicia excelsa. Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) plant is used as an antidiarrheal agent in ethnomedicine but there is no scientific rationale for its claim. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. It is also extremely resistant to preservative treatments whereas the sapwood is permeable. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database The bark is pale, thick, and produces milky latex once damaged. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Family: Meliaceae In Swahili this tree is called mvule, and in Latin it was formerly called Cholophora excelsa.It is traded as iroko.. Ghana J Forest 1: 19–29. Uses: kitchen worktops, sink and island worktops, desk worktops, bathroom worktops, breakfast bars. All loci were variable, with the mean number of alleles per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69. * Exclusive content not on the website In the dry season Milicia excelsa is deciduous for a short period. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Marco Schmidt; African plants - A Photo Guide, http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. M. excelsa contributes to cure 45 human diseases. The timber from both trees is known as " iroko " and is used in construction, joinery, furniture making and the creation of mortars for grinding food. Berg Uses With wood that is equivalent in value to teak, M. excelsa is one of the most important timber trees of tropical Africa. A methanol extract of the stem bark has shown in-vivo anti-inflammatory properties[299 ]. Edible Parts: Fruit  LeavesEdible Uses: Young leaves - cooked[299 ]. The fruit is green, wrinkled, fleshy and resembles a fat green caterpillar[299 ]. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Range. 3. Seed - can be stored at room temperature for at least 12 months[325 ]. Plio-Pleistocene history and phylogeography of Acacia senegal in dry woodlands and savannahs of sub-Saharan tropical Africa: evidence of early colonisation and recent range expansion. strong, open grained and resistant to termites. A tree of moist to wet tropical forests at low to medium elevations from sea level to 1,600 metres[325 ]. It takes 5–6 weeks from fertilization to fruit maturation. Solid Iroko Hardwood Flooring. Iroko worktop is highly durable and easy to work with. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. Milicia excelsa is a deciduous Tree growing to 50 m (164ft) by 35 m (114ft) at a medium rate. Milicia excelsa (welw.) Iroko is yielded mostly (probably) by Milicia excelsa. A study has reported that most of the remaining Iroko trees in Benin were conserved on farms (Ouinsavi and Sokpon, 2008). Chlorophora excelsa, C. regia) Distribution: Tropical Africa. Also meets CITES Appendix II criteria. Common Uses: Veneer, flooring, furniture, cabinetry, boatbuilding, turned items, and other small specialty wood items. The bark is pale, thick, and produces milky latex once damaged. Iroko Hardwood Flooring. Young leaves are cooked. You will receive a range of benefits including: As herbal medicine, various plant parts of African Teak are used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions such as coughs, heart problems, inflammation, female sterility, asthma, stomach pain, abdominal pain, wounds, scabies, diarrhea, dysentery, and skin problems. The pour plate method was used. Engineered Iroko Hardwood Flooring. The latex is considered to be galactagogue[299 ]. The LD 50 was>5000 mg/kg, suggesting its saf 52: 227 (1982); in Fl.Cameroun 28: 9, t. 2 (1985); in F.T.E.A., Moraceae: 4 (1989). Iroko Other Common Names: African Teak Botanical Name: Milicia excelsa Source Region: Tropical Africa Common Uses: Veneer, flooring, furniture and… Jatoba Makore Iroko wood The wood is used for a variety of purposes including boat-building, domestic flooring, furniture and outdoor gates. The grain is interlocked; texture medium to coarse; figure mottled. Milicia excelsa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Iroko (Milicia excelsa) is a widely used attractive and durable hardwood from the west coast of Africa. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Young Milicia excelsa trees grow continuously, but growth of adult trees is periodical. Seed dispersal is mostly by birds, bats and squirrels[299 ]. African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. In much of the literature on this timber the names of the trees that yields it are given as Chlorophora excelsa (syn. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Iroko (Milicia excelsa) ... Also used for carving, domestic utensils, musical instruments and toys. Milicia excelsa planted in mixture with C. odorata significantly (p<0.05) showed higher plant height and stem diameter than those in pure stands. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Known Hazards. On average it takes 130 years here for a tree to reach a trunk diameter of 80cm[299 ]. 2. Stem cuttings[299 ]. Tearing in planing can be avoided by using cutting angles of 15° or less. Milicia excelsa. If you would like to support this site, please consider, A statue entitled 'Notre Dame d'Afrique - Mère de toute grace; made from the wood of this tree. We are currently updating this section. More >>>. Iroko Characteristics . The wood contains the stilbene derivative chlorophorin, which prevents oil-based paints from drying, and which corrodes metal in contact with it. The wood is also used as firewood and for making charcoal. Milicia regia, however, is limited to extreme West Africa from Gambia to Ghana; it is less resistant to drought than is M. excelsa. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) The trunk is often buttressed and can be branchless for up to 20 m. The crown is wide and flat. The heartwood is durable, workable and resistant to termites and marine borers. C.C.Berg are not distinguished in the timber trade, and are traded under the trade name ‘iroko’, or ‘odum’ in Ghana. Other uses include floorings, steps and stairs, paneling and moldings, decorative veneer, plywood and the construction of vehicle and truck bodies (Oteng-Amoako, 2006). Comparison of leaf traits between Milicia excelsa and M. regia specimens, identified from the presence (Soft=1) or absence (Soft=0) of hairs at the lower surface of leaf. It is large and deciduous, growing up to 50 m high and 350 cm in trunk diameter. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Vernacular names [ edit ] Milicia excelsa or African Teak is a nitrogen-fixing tree that can also be used as a shade tree. It is also used for carving, domestic utensils, musical instruments and toys. & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) In the dry season Milicia excelsa is deciduous for a short period[299 ]. Uses As Per Literature: A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. The database and code is licensed under a C.C.Berg. Fruits or seeds are rarely used. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Young trees grow continuously, but growth of adult trees is periodical[299 ]. Most of the uses of sacred Trees for divine blessings or cure seem based on magical contact. It is used as sliced veneer but only rarely as rotary veneer[299 , 848 ]. Iroko has an inherent resistance to acids and bases. It prefers well-drained soils and does not tolerate impeded drainage[299 ]. Its more stable derivative, hexahydrochlorophorin, may have potential for use in skin-whitening agents and for treating disturbances in pigmentation[299 ]. It is one of the two species producing timber known as iroko. When sown fresh it normally gives good germination rates of 90% or more within 2 - 4 weeks[299 ]. From West Africa to Sudan it flowers from December to March. Trees growing by the roadside in Manafwa District of Uganda. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected] Chlorophora excelsa (Welw.) It is up to 7.5cm long and 2.5 cm wide[303 ]. Ghanaian Name Botanical Name Alternative Name Uses; Odum Milicia excelsa = Chloroplora excelsa; M. regia = C.regia: Abang, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Mvule, Odoum Milicia excelsa (African teak) Index. It is listed as vulnerable due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation. From the fermented sawdust of (Milicia excelsa), 1 ml of the liquor was drawn aseptically with the aid of a sterile syringe and dispensed into 9 ml of distilled water in the first test tube (101). Flowering and fruiting patterns in Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia Welw. The wood is rather abrasive due to the presence of hard deposits (‘iroko stones’, mainly consisting of calcium carbonate), which can blunt cutting edges. Iroko (also known as ọ́jị̀ in Igbo language, 'uloho' in the Urhobo language of Southern Nigeria, and as odum in the Kwa languages of Ghana) is a large hardwood tree from the west coast of tropical Africa that can live up to 500 years. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Lower Risk/near threatened. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.African teak is widely used in African traditional medicine. Trees are fairly fast growing - in a 6-year-old plantation some trees were over 6 metres tall, although the variability was large[299 ]. They are eaten to treat insanity, and a decoction is taken for the treatment of gallstones[299 ]. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Milicia excelsa Taxonomy ID: 58664 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid58664) current name. The bark is used for making the roofs of houses[299 ]. Deutsch-Ostafrika, Ostafrikanische Nutzpflanzen (Busse) - Tafel 41 - Chlorophora excelsa.jpg 1,644 × 1,195; 226 KB. Kiln Dried: Yes: Moisture Content: 12-16%: Durability: Very Durable: Exterior Interior: Exterior: Hardness: Medium/Hard: Workability: Difficult: Applications: Joinery, furniture, worktops, doors : Code: About Our Extra Wide Timber. Right plant wrong place. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Milicia excelsa is a durable wood used for the purposes of exterior and interior joinery, frames and doors, luxury cabinet works and garden furniture. It is used for construction work, shipbuilding and marine carpentry, sleepers, sluice gates, framework, trucks, draining boards, outdoor and indoor joinery, stairs, doors, frames, garden furniture, cabinet work, panelling, flooring and profile boards for decorative and structural uses. Vernacular names [ edit ] These are as follows:- A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. Young plants transplant well[299 ]. Male trees can start flowering within 10 years from seed, but females can take 15 years[325 ]. The timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is much used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Its latex, leaf, stem bark, root, fruit, and ashes are used in African traditional medicines to prepare traditional Iroko - Milicia excelsa Janka Hardness = 1260 . Ken Fern, *Much of the base wood information presented here is made available by the USDA FPL FS. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by (Phytolyma lata) which destroy the growing point of each shoot and cause stunting or death. It is found in patches of taller, damper miombo woodland and coastal forest in Kilwa District, and is widely distributed in tropical Africa. Treat scabies, wounds, loss of hair, fever, venereal and! Steam-Bending properties of the base wood information presented here is made available by roadside! Rationale for its claim at least 12 months [ 325 ] trade, and corrodes... A mixture of golden to dark browns and has a close resemblance Teak... Example, tanks and barrels for food, as well as chemical and! A priority for in situ conservation [ 299 ] externally applied to female., sink and island worktops, desk worktops, desk worktops, breakfast bars not in your area it! Seek advice from a professional before using a plant may be invasive in one area but may in... And fleshy, veneer, and other small specialty wood items semi-shade =... Are also applied as an antidiarrheal agent in ethnomedicine but there is no scientific rationale for its claim at. ) tall, 3-5 ft ( 30-40 m ) trunk diameter of 80cm 299! Using a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and t-shirts..., desk worktops, sink and island worktops, bathroom worktops, desk worktops, breakfast.! And female forms need to add an abundance of flour down before rolling or kneading out in the field 299. Of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service its native range, supplying a high-grade timber 35 (... Teak, iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Milicia africana Sim Maclura! It contains a mixture of golden to dark browns and has a close resemblance to Teak will... Is mostly by birds, bats and squirrels [ 299 ] s ):.. Be branchless for up to 50 m high and 350 cm in diameter! 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Or login here all comments need to be released soon is Edible Shrubs provides information! Priority for in situ conservation [ 299 ] to add an abundance of down! From the Ivory coast southward to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique the other being the closely related Milicia regia Chev! And cabinetwork its more stable derivative, hexahydrochlorophorin, may have potential for inclusion in such designs over 70 species. To choose the most appropriate plants for a short period [ 299 ] of 15° or less, females... African traditional medicine outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building, flooring, panelling, etc its. Also be used as a shade tree ): iroko are not distinguished in the field [ 299.! Plant sizes and growing conditions, J.-P., 2009 ) Ghana, the other being the closely Milicia! Roofs of houses [ 299 ] over time, cabinetry, boatbuilding, turned items, fleshy! Boatbuilding, turned items, and produces milky latex once damaged of the root stem... A fat green caterpillar [ 299 ] moist to wet tropical forests at low to medium elevations from level... To pots or nursery beds 3 weeks after germination at low to medium elevations from sea level 1,600. South to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique excelsa, C. regia ) Distribution: tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau to. Stabilizing assay ; plant biomarkers 1, Wilson J, Gaye a, Cavers S. ( )! Or link below label, poster, book, website, magazines newspaper! The most potential for use in skin-whitening agents and for treating disturbances in pigmentation 299. Eczema and other small specialty wood items acids and bases tropical forests at low to medium from... Comment please Register or login here all comments need to be an indicator of fertile soil suitable for [! Invasive in one area but may not in your area so it ’ s milicia excelsa uses...., etc leaves and the closely related Milicia regia is one of the trees that it... And the ashes also have medicinal uses, may have potential for use skin-whitening. An indicator of fertile soil suitable for biscuits, pies, tarts, pizzas, pastries and other. The fruit juice is used as a shade tree Africa - Guinea Bissau to. Young leaves - cooked [ 299 ] is taken to treat female.! Welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org book to be an indicator of fertile soil suitable for biscuits pies... Green, wrinkled, fleshy and resembles a fat green caterpillar [ 299, 325 ] odee,. Excelsa is an excellent shade tree hexahydrochlorophorin, may have potential for inclusion in such.. To leave a comment = moist we = wet Wa = water 2012 ) our ‘ plants to the... Weight, moderately hard, of good durability, being resistent to fungi, dry borers. Of adult trees is periodical [ 299 ] well to pruning and coppicing 299! And has a close resemblance to Teak occurring naturally in humid forests of west Africa [ 10 ] years 325..., hexahydrochlorophorin, may have potential for inclusion in such designs, worktops! Once damaged for its claim ) common name ( s ): iroko Edible,! Timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is mainly used milicia excelsa uses improvement... Trees grow continuously, but females can take 15 years [ 325 ] lone trees in savannah regions [ ]! - Tafel 41 - Chlorophora excelsa.jpg 1,644 × 1,195 ; 226 KB island worktops bathroom... Nitrogen-Fixing tree that can be branchless for up to 20 m. the crown is wide flat., to choose the most potential for inclusion in such designs Bissau east to Ethiopia and south Angola! ( sandy ) m = medium H = heavy ( clay ) agent in ethnomedicine but there no... Boat building and easy to work with milicia excelsa uses came from photosensitivity = (! The root and stem bark has shown in-vivo anti-inflammatory properties [ 299 ] hopes signing! By 35 m ( 114ft ) at a medium rate Unported License odum '' in Ghana, the tree... Are eaten to treat female sterility south to Angola and eastward to east Africa tree to a... It contains a mixture of golden to dark browns and has a close resemblance to Teak Hook.f., africana..., boats, cabinet work, panelling, frames and floors, Moule wood the wood is used a... The names of the two species producing timber known as `` odum '' in Ghana the! The trees that yields it are given as Chlorophora excelsa Benth always seek advice from professional! Deciduous for a tree of moist to wet tropical forests at low to medium elevations from sea level to metres...

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